You Should Be Familiar With These Basic Fitness Terms


The world of fitness can be a confusing place for a newbie. There are lots of new terms and ideas that you need to be familiar with in order to understand what trainers and other people are telling you. Below is a list some of the most important things you should know when asking for advice about your workouts and fitness in general.

Warm Up

Warming up before an exercise is essential to prevent injury and prepare your body for the stress it has to endure during the workout. It’s best to warm up with a light aerobic activity, such as running on the treadmill at about 70% of your maximum capacity. Warming up increases blood flow to the muscles, gets your heart rate up, and supplies your body with vital oxygen so you can optimally perform your exercise without the risk of injury.


After performing a high-intensity exercise, you need to spend a few moments resting and preparing for the next one. This is known as a cooldown and is often combined with stretching. During your cooldown, you might want to walk around, take a couple of deep breaths, and stretch your sore muscles.


The term “set” is usually used when talking about strength training and it refers to repeating the same exercise a certain number of times.


Repetition or “rep” for short refers to how many times you perform an exercise in one of your sets. If you lift a pair of dumbbells ten times and then stop, you’ve done ten “reps.”

Cardiovascular activity

Cardiovascular exercises include running, swimming, jogging, jump rope etc. These are exercises designed to temporarily speed up your heart rate, breathing, and metabolism.

Flexibility Training

Stretching is important to enhance the range of motion of your joints. In doing so, you also prevent unwanted injury. Inactivity and aging can cause ligaments, muscles, and tendons to become shorter. It’s very important to know the difference between stretching and warming up. Muscles need to be warmed up before stretching. Otherwise, there’s a higher possibility of injury.

Strength/Resistance Training

These types of workouts are aimed at enhancing your muscle strength. There are specific exercises for strengthening each group of muscles. Lifting weights and using stretchy resistance bands is known as resistance training. This group of exercises also includes pushups or pullups, exercises where you use your bodyweight instead of conventional weights.

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