How To Save Yourself From Upcoming Cold And Flu

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According to Dr. Paul Zollinger-Read, chief medical officer for Bupa and HuffPost UK blogger, the common cold is a mild infection that causes a blocked or runny nose, sore throat, sneezing and a cough.

It’s caused by several viruses from lots of different families but the most common cause is the rhinovirus. Half of colds are caused by this but in the autumn it can cause up to 80% of colds.

Seasonal flu is caused by two types of virus:

  • Influenza A
  • Influenza  B (C is a very rare type).

The symptoms are the same as colds but more severe. You may also get a fever, shivering, a headache, a dry cough and aching muscles.

They both spread through direct contact or through the air when someone who is infected coughs or sneezes. You can also pick them up when you touch a contaminated surface and then put your fingers near your nose, eyes or mouth.

The flu virus can live on hard surfaces for up to 24 hours and a on a soft surface for around 20- minutes. Practising good hygiene is essential to helping prevent and to stop colds and flu from spreading. Wash your hands regularly – making sure you use hot, soapy water.

Don’t share towels with anyone and keep hard and soft surfaces, like door handles, toys and bedding, clean. You can also help stop them spreading by covering your nose and mouth when you cough or sneeze and throwing away used tissues as soon as you’ve used them.

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